Began painting in the early 1850s. One of the best-known marine painters. His “Hints for Practical Study of Marine Painting” were published in the Art Amateur in 1888. After traveling, he relocated to New York.
Studied: with James Hamilton and Paul Weber in Philadelphia; Royal Academy, 1861.
Member: Philadelphia Academy of Fine Arts; Associate of National Academy of Design.
In the collection of: Phoenix Art Museum; San Diego Museum of Art; Santa Barbara Museum of Art; Denver Art Museum; National Gallery of Art; Smithsonian American Art Museum; Georgia Museum of Art; High Museum of Art; Indianapolis Museum of Art; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Peabody Essex Museum; Washington County Museum of Fine Arts; Brooklyn Museum of Art; Metropolitan Museum of Art; Munson Williams Proctor Institute; Columbus Museum of Art; Butler Institute of American Art and more.